Why does not any country have a law on artificial intelligence?

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The United Arab Emirates is the only region in the world that has a minister of Artificial Intelligence, but even here there is no specific regulation that regulates this futuristic subject.

Silicon Valley has become the technological capital of the world thanks to the fact that the United States has traditionally been a country with a very permissive regulation when talking about technological development.

However, the pressure on US lawmakers to protect the user from the big technology threatens this ecosystem.

artificial intelligence
artificial intelligence

And while in the United States a law is approved to create a group of experts that defines a regulation on which to develop the artificial intelligence (AI), the Chinese Communist Party has set a goal: to lead the advance of the IA at world level. 2030.

Even so, it must be careful, because its hegemony could be very ephemeral if the road map set by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is fulfilled, which aspires to the same as the Asian giant, with only one year difference: 2031, according to the report ” Global Political Response to AI , prepared by FTI Consulting.

Although in Silicon Valley and other Western technology hubs may not take these advances very seriously, it must be remembered that while in Europe there are countries like the United Kingdom that are currently debating whether or not to appoint an Intelligence Minister Artificial, in the UAE they did it last year.

At the age of 27, Omar Bin Sultan Al Olama became the first IA minister, with the task of turning his country into the largest international hub of applied artificial intelligence technologies.

And it is that beyond the declarations of intentions of each region, the normative advances are a clear indicator of the real commitment and, at the same time, establish the real possibilities that the country becomes or not at the tip of the spear.

The terrain is clear because, at the moment, there is no law anywhere in the world that regulates AI.

“China has clearly taken the lead, while other countries are still debating their strategy on AI, China already has concrete plans in this field, Behind, are other regions about to concertize their strategies, for example, the European Union”, explains Emmanouil Patavos, director of FTI Consulting.

This expert assures that the United States is also leading the sector, but more as a consequence of the entrepreneurial effort than for initiatives of the Administration.

For Patavos, “legislators should put the focus on facilitating technological advances based on socioeconomic values, should not set obstacles, but build highways to innovation.”

And still, remember: “As with everything in the world of technology, today’s leadership does not guarantee the leadership of tomorrow.”

Legislative strategies

European Union.

Although the industry around artificial intelligence is advancing rapidly in the European Union, there is still no common policy on this matter. Even so, it is expected that by the end of this month the Commission will announce the strategy to be followed. So far, all legislative advances have focused on aspects such as data protection, but not yet in robotics or artificial intelligence.

U.S.

The law on the future of AI in the United States has served to create an advisory committee to pave the way to design a regulatory framework for the advancement and control of artificial intelligence, which could lead to new legislation in the coming months. In addition, there is already a regulation on work related to AI and two drafts to regulate the use of the autonomous car.

United Kingdom.

In the United Kingdom there is also no specific regulation on AI. However, the last industrial strategic plan presented by the British Government included the creation of an ethical center for the treatment of data and innovation, and even raised the creation of the position of Minister of Artificial Intelligence. Even so, these initiatives are in the phase of study and development.

Singapore.

Singapore is one of the countries with the strongest commitment to artificial intelligence as a pillar of its economic future, especially because of its impact on the financial sphere. At the moment, its normative advances on AI are focused, mainly, on providing security to economic transactions, through a cybersecurity law and another on the fraudulent use of information technology.

United Arab Emirates.

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has designed a strategy to lead, by 2031, advances in artificial intelligence worldwide. For this purpose, it is developing a wide range of regulations in this field and intends to integrate it into nine economic sectors: transport, health, space, renewable energy, water, technology, education, the environment and traffic. Last year, he appointed an IA minister.

China.

Last year, the Chinese Communist Party included for the first time among its priorities advances in the field of artificial intelligence, a field that the Asian giant has proposed to lead by 2030. To do this, it has included as a backbone in its five-year plans . Under the slogan Made in China 2025 (Made in China 2025), they want to encourage the development of AI in different industries.

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